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Observational Learning of Conditioned Reinforcement

By Christine O'Rourke-Lang 

Observing is one of the primary ways in which we learn. Investigating the kinds of repertoires that can be acquired through observation is the focus of this book. Specifically, the research presented was aimed at answering the question, can a non-preferred activity be conditioned as a reinforcer through observational learning, without explicit and direct contact with reinforcement? Conditioned reinforcement typically occurs when a previously non-preferred stimulus comes to acquire reinforcing capabilities through a history of pairings with a known reinforcer. Two experiments were performed to test whether the acquisition of conditioned reinforcement would occur through observation only for independent engagement in mathematics, which was identified as being a non-preferred activity of the participants. Overall, the results of the research provided support for a new type of observational learning, observational learning of conditioned reinforcement. The findings of these studies have important implications for classroom instruction in that they suggest the significance of the role of observation of peers in the acquisition of conditioned reinforcers for performance and learning.

The Power of Positive Parenting

It is more a manual than it is a book; hence, it must be read, then reread, then read some more. Wide margins have been provided for note taking. Use it as a tool with which to build your family.

Parenting With Love

Parenting isn't easy. It's a lesson in patience, human behavior, and most important, it is a labor of love.

Mindful Parenting ADHD

Written by a pediatrician and based in proven-effective mindfulness techniques, this book will help you and your child with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) keep calm, flexible, and in control.

The Family ADHD Solution

In this accessible guide, developmental pediatrician Mark Bertin demystifies ADHD and offers advice to overwhelmed parents that includes clear explanations of: Biological causes of ADHD, and the ins and outs of a thorough evaluation Common symptoms, showing how they extend far beyond inattention and hyperactivity Behavioral, educational and medical approaches that increase academic and social success Research proven mindfulness-based stress reduction techniques for parents that benefit the whole family

Designing Teaching Strategies

Designing Teaching Strategies: A Behavior Analysis Systems Approach is the first advanced text covering teaching and supervision as applied behavior analysis. The book describes a systems science of schooling based on 65 years of basic and applied research. The procedures covered in the book are currently in use in the United States, Ireland, England, and Italy in schools that apply comprehensive Applications of Behavior Analysis to Schooling (CABAS). Children in schools that use procedures presented in the book have been found to learn four to seven times more than they did under control conditions.

Verbal Behavior Analysis

In their book Verbal Behavior Analysis, Doug and Denise describe how to help children produce novel and spontaneous verbal functions, acquire language incidentally, and become socially verbal. They carefully integrate the latest research, including many new findings, and present readers with a clear outline of the current state of the science of verbal behavior and its application to children with real needs.


Which Behavior Therapy Works Best

View: Autism's spectrum is broad

Your Autism-Friendly Behavior Intervention Plan

Helpful Links

Autism Speaks - What We've Learned About Autism

Autism Speaks- Applied Behavior Analysis

Behavior Analyst Certification Board

ADDitude magazine

National Institute of Mental Health (US): Information on ADHD
CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder)

ADDA Attention deficit disorder association

Technology for Diverse Learners

Apple- Special Education Technology

From Apple: iOS is the world’s most advanced — and most accessible — mobile operating system. Innovative features like VoiceOver, AssistiveTouch, and Guided Access help students with special needs enjoy more of what iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch have to offer.

Proloquo2Go- Symbol- Based AAC

Proloquo2Go is an award-winning symbol-supported communication app providing a voice to over 125,000 individuals who cannot speak.

The Special Needs iPad & App Series

Comprehnsive blog guiding you to all the special needs resources and technology available for iOS and OSx platforms.

The Special Needs iPad & App Series